Created: 2008-11-25 09:30
Updated: 2017-06-25 03:37



RWget is a web crawler that tries to emulate a subset of the interface of GNU/Wget, but with more flexibility for my needs.


  1. Regular expression accept/reject lists
  2. Pluggable interfaces for robots-txt, url-fetcher, url-queue, url-dupe-detector, and page-storage. The defaults store locally, and fetch using libcurl, but you could easily change to db storage, a distributed queue, etc.

Help page

Usage: /usr/bin/rwget [options] SEED_URL [SEED_URL2 ...]
    -w, --wait=SECONDS               wait SECONDS between retrievals.
    -P, --directory-prefix=PREFIX    save files to PREFIX/...
    -U, --user-agent=AGENT           identify as AGENT instead of RWget/VERSION.
    -A, --accept-pattern=RUBY_REGEX  URLs must match RUBY_REGEX to be saved to the queue.
        --time-limit=AMOUNT          Crawler will stop after this AMOUNT of time has passed.
    -R, --reject-pattern=RUBY_REGEX  URLs must NOT match RUBY_REGEX to be saved to the queue.
        --require=RUBY_SCRIPT        Will execute 'require RUBY_SCRIPT'
        --limit-rate=RATE            limit download rate to RATE.
        --http-proxy=URL             Proxies via URL
        --proxy-user=USER            Sets proxy user to USER
        --proxy-password=PASSWORD    Sets proxy password to PASSWORD
        --fetch-class=RUBY_CLASS     Must implement fetch(uri, user_agent_string) #=> [final_redirected_url, file_object]
        --store-class=RUBY_CLASS     Must implement put(key_string, temp_file)
        --dupes-class=RUBY_CLASS     Must implement dupe?(uri)
        --queue-class=RUBY_CLASS     Must implement put(key_string, depth_int) and get() #=> [key_string, depth_int]
        --links-class=RUBY_CLASS     Must implement urls(base_uri, temp_file) #=> [uri, ...]
    -S, --sitemap=URL                URL of a sitemap to crawl (will ignore inter-page links)

    -Q, --quota=NUMBER               set retrieval quota to NUMBER.
        --max-redirect=NUM           maximum redirections allowed per page.
    -H, --span-hosts                 go to foreign hosts when recursive
        --connect-timeout=SECS       set the connect timeout to SECS.
    -T, --timeout=SECS               set all timeout values to SECONDS.
    -l, --level=NUMBER               maximum recursion depth (inf or 0 for infinite).
        --[no-]timestampize          Prepend the timestamp of when the crawl started to the directory structure.
        --incremental-from=PREVIOUS  Build upon the indexing already saved in PREVIOUS.
        --protocol-directories       use protocol name in directories.
        --no-host-directories        don't create host directories.
    -v, --[no-]verbose               Run verbosely
    -h, --help                       Show this message

Ruby API

require "rubygems"
require "rwget"

# options is the same as the command-line long options, but converted into
# idiomatic ruby.  See the RDoc for details.
# i.e. 
# sh$ rwget -T 5 -A ".*foo.*"
# becomes:
# irb${:seeds => [""], 
#            :timeout => 5, :accept_patterns => /.*foo.*/}).start
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