Created: 2012-03-20 17:31
Updated: 2013-01-30 21:18


Kenton's MecE 663 Project

This is a custom deal.ii application that has been developed to solve a heat transfer problem. While the problem would be extremely difficult to solve analytically due to the "complex" boundary conditions, the solved problem is quite simple for a finite-element analysis.

Problem Domain

The problem is a small rectangle with dimensions 2.5cm x 1cm, and is composed of 3 distinct boundary conditions. On y = 1, from x = 1 to x = 2.5, a constant temperature of 400K is applied. On x = 0, from y = 0 to y = 1, a heat flux in the x direction only that is applied according to the equation: B(1-y) where B is a constant.

There is a heat generation term in the given PDE, equal to Ax^2 where A is a constant.

Default Constants

Kx = 15 W/m^2
Ky = 25 W/m^2
A is in (0, 5) x 1000 W/m^5
B is 50 W/m^3
T (temperature at the Dirichlet boundary) = 400K


The program is written with a static geometry and boundary locations / types, however the above constants may be changed through the command-line (as well as several other options pertaining to the finite-element formulation itself.


The program may be invoked and produce a solution using the following syntax: ./project [OPTIONS] [SOLUTION_FILE.vtk] Where both [OPTIONS] and [SOLUTION_FILE.vtk] are optional parameters. [OPTIONS] follows unix-style command-line options, with the following values being accepted:

  • -? shows a help menu
  • -r refines the mesh times (defaults to 0)
  • -f write the generated mesh to file for visualization
  • -s actually solve the problem
  • -q <num|auto> allows you to manually specify the number of quadrature points used (defaults to auto)
  • -i set the maximum number of CG iterations performed for the solution (defaults to 1000)
  • -t set the tolerance for the residual in the CG solution (defaults to 1e-12)
  • -o set the Lagrange interpolation polynomial order (defaults to 1)
  • -x set the Kx value (defaults to 15)
  • -y set the Ky value (defaults to 25)
  • -A set the A value (defaults to 5000)
  • -B set the B value (defaults to 50)
  • -T set the boundary temperature at the Dirichlet boundary (defaults to 400)

If [SOLUTION_FILE.vtk] is specified, the solution will be graphically written to the specified file (in VTK format). If it is not specified and a solution is performed, the solution will be written to "solution.vtk", overwriting that file.

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